康桥健康课●关注学生健康,预防秋季传染病

发表于:2019-11-04

 

 康桥学校西安曲江校区致家长的一封信

 

各位家长:

秋意渐浓,气温骤降,转眼间秋季已过半。诺如病毒感染性腹泻、流行性感冒、手足口病等各种传染性疾病在秋季属于高发病症。为预防和控制秋季传染病的发生,下面分享一些秋季传染病防控知识,家长们快快学起来吧!

 

 

It is the middle of autumn. Norovirus infectious diarrhea, influenza, hand, foot and mouth disease and other infectious diseases are high-risk diseases in autumn.In order to prevent and control the occurrence of infectious diseases in autumn, we will share some knowledge about the prevention and control of infectious diseases in autumn.The following notes will help a lot.
 

 

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诺如病毒的特征
Norovrus  character
 
传染源多为轻型病人或无症状携带者。

 

Source of infection: more light patients or asymptomatic carriers.

 

播途径:诺如病毒环境抵抗力强、感染力强、传播途径多样。传播途径包括人传人、经食物和水传播。可通过污染的水源、食物、物品、空气飞沫等传播。

 

Transmission route: norovirus environment strong resistance, infectious, transmission route is diverse. Transmission routes include human-to-human, food and water transmission. It can be spread by contaminated water, food, articles, air droplets, etc.

 

易感人群:主要为学龄儿童及成人,易在学校、幼儿园、社区、餐馆、养老院等集体场所暴发。

 

Susceptible groups: mainly for school-age children and adults, easy to outbreak in schools, kindergartens, communities, restaurants, nursing homes and other collective places.

 

 

不慎感染诺如病毒该怎么办?
What should I do if I get norovirus?

 

1、对抗生素、抗病毒药物说“NO”。对于诺如病毒感染,目前没有特效药。诺如是病毒,如果滥用抗生素,还可能伤害肠道的正常菌群,从而加重腹泻。

 
1. Say "NO" to antibiotics and antiviral drugs. There is currently no specific drug for norovirus infection. Norovirus, if abused, can also harm the normal flora of the gut, which can aggravate diarrhea.
 

2、针对症状及时就医。注意补水,切记不要脱水。如果没有出现脱水症状,精神食欲都好,可以到医院口服补液盐;出现脱水症状时及时就诊输液。

 
2. Seek medical advice in time for symptoms. Pay attention to water, remember not to dehydrate. If no dehydration symptoms, good spirit and appetite, can go to the hospital oral rehydration salts; Seek medical advice when dehydration occurs.
 

3、勤洗手,防范交叉感染,尽量不去公共场合。症状消失后的3天以内,身上携带的病毒仍然具有传播力。因此在痊愈后的3天最好不要去人群聚集的地方,以免造成病毒的再次传播。

 
3, wash hands frequently, prevent cross-infection, try not to go to public places. Within three days after symptoms disappear, the virus remains transmissible. Therefore, it is best not to go to the place where people gather for 3 days after recovery, so as not to cause the virus to spread again.
 

4、多开窗通风。孩子的房间要开窗通风或使用排气扇,保持室内空气流通。

 
4. Open more Windows for ventilation. Open a window or use an exhaust fan in your child's room to keep air circulating.
 

5、消毒污染物。 呕吐物附近任何表面都应快速用1000mg/L的消毒液清洗或喷洒,衣服、毛巾、桌布和餐巾等物品沾染呕吐物或粪便时用高温清洗。

 
5. Disinfect pollutants. Any surface near the vomit should be quickly cleaned or sprayed with 1000mg/L disinfectant, and clothes, towels, tablecloths and napkins should be cleaned at high temperature when contaminated with vomit or feces.

 

 

 

 

 

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关于流感
About flu

流感分成甲型、乙型、丙型。甲型流感最重,传染性最强,简称为甲流;乙流传染性和严重性次之;丙流症状最轻,传染性最弱。甲流又可以分成H1N1、H3N2、H5N7、H7N9等亚型,各亚型的传染性和严重性各不相同。 

 
Theinfluenza viruses are divided into type A, type B and type C according to theseverity. Type A can be sorted into H3N2、H5N7、H7N9and etc. as per features.
 

每年流行的流感分型都不太一样,从2017年至今,甲流和乙流同时来袭。

 
Everyyear, influenza comes differently in types.
 

 

流感特点
Features
 

1.流感比一般的病毒性感冒症状重,发热温度更高,病程更长。

 

1.Flu is different from common cold. Flu brings a bad cold, a higherfever and last longer.
 

2.流感传染性强,明确诊断有利于指导您进行隔离,避免传染给周围人。

 

2.Flu spreads more frequently, it is better to be isolated to avoidspreading.
 

3.流感通常秋冬季节高发。

 

3.Autumn and winter is the high time of flu.
 

 


 

 

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预防流感小妙招
How to prevent

1.尽量少去人员密集的公共场所,以防止交叉感染。

 

1.To avoid cross infection, seldom go to public area.

 

2.照顾和接触发热的家人、朋友时,佩戴口罩。

 

2.Wearing a mask is useful.

 

3.注意休息,多饮水。

 

3.Have a good rest and take more water.

 

4.定期开窗通风,保持室内空气新鲜。

 

4.Keep ventilating.

 

5.接种流感疫苗。

 

5.Haveinfluenza vaccine.

 

 

 

预防传染病,康桥在行动

To prevent infectious diseases, Kang Chiao goes at the front

 

 

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健康中心的老师为学生们介绍了有关预防传染病的知识,同时也对学生们健康的生活方式提出建议,指导学生们在秋冬季尤其要避免受凉,保持室内空气流通,平时多喝开水,多吃新鲜蔬菜和水果,养成良好的个人卫生习惯。通过此次课程,增强了学生预防传染病的意识,提高了自我保护能力。卫生安全无小事,学生健康成长是最大的幸福。

 
The teachers of the Health Center bought the students' useful information about how to prevent infectious diseases. At the same time, they also advised the students to focus on their health condition and individual lifestyle, and instructed the students to lower the chance of getting cold between seasons. 

It is better to keep the air fresh indoor, to drink plenty of water, and to eat more fresh vegetables and fruits, in order to develop a good habit to stay healthy. The students have been more aware of the prevention of infectious diseases since this course delivered. Health and safety are the essential part in students’ life, and to grow up safely is the greatest happiness for them.

 
 
亲爱的家长朋友们,让我们一起呵护孩子,陪伴他们健康快乐地成长!
Dear parents, let's take care of our children and accompany them to grow uphealthily and happily!

 

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